The Route Track of the Spanish Armada through the English Channel and into the North Sea
Chart No.11. A chart showing the track of the Spanish Armada, the coasts of the British Isles, Northern France, Flanders, Holland, Denmark, and South Norway.
Soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, in 1588, Petruccio Ubaldini wrote a brief account of the campaign and battle. Illustrations were made to accompany Ubaldini's history and Robert Adams, (1540â95), produced eleven charts or maps representing the several actions between the Armada and English fleet in 1588. Ten of the charts trace the course of the battle from the first sighting of the Armada to the fight off Gravelines. The final map traced the course of the battered Armada, as it retreated around the coast of Scotland, past the West Coast of Ireland to eventually arrive back home in Spain. The positions of some of the wrecked Spanish ships are indicated. Augustine Ryther engraved and published Adams charts in 1590, which were dedicated to Lord Howard.
Artist: Robert Adams, Augustine Ryther (engraver)
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